Polonnaruwa is an ancient city located in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. It was the second capital of the Kingdom of Sri Lanka, after the fall of Anuradhapura, and was ruled by several kings between the 11th and 13th centuries. Today, the ruins of the ancient city are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and attract many tourists interested in history and archaeology.

Polonnaruwa is home to many well-preserved ancient structures, including the Royal Palace, the Audience Hall, the Lotus Bath, the Gal Vihara, and the Sacred Quadrangle. The city’s ancient irrigation system is also an impressive feat of engineering and can still be seen in the form of man-made lakes, canals, and water tanks.

The Gal Vihara, which is a group of four Buddha statues carved out of a single granite boulder, is one of the most impressive sights in Polonnaruwa. Each of the four statues is in a different pose and is considered a masterpiece of Sri Lankan sculpture.

Polonnaruwa is also a great place to spot wildlife, particularly birds. The city is surrounded by several national parks and nature reserves, including Minneriya National Park, Kaudulla National Park, and Hurulu Eco Park. These parks are home to a variety of bird species, as well as elephants, deer, monkeys, and other animals.

Overall, Polonnaruwa is a fascinating destination for anyone interested in history, architecture, and nature. The city’s ancient ruins, impressive irrigation system, and abundant wildlife make it a must-visit destination in Sri Lanka.

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